How to use marine vhf radio?

WHaT is the range of a VHF marine radio?

Channels and frequencies Transmission power ranges between 1 and 25 watts, giving a maximum range of up to about 60 nautical miles (111 km) between aerials mounted on tall ships and hills, and 5 nautical miles (9 km; 6 mi) between aerials mounted on small boats at sea level.

How do you use a marine band radio?


How do I use a VHF Marine Radio UK?


What channel should my marine radio be on?

Channel 16 is designated as the national distress, safety and calling frequency. All vessels should monitor this channel while underway. When hailing other boats for routine communication, you’ll need to hail them on 16 or 09, and then move to an available working channel, usually 68, 69, 71 or 72.

How far will a 25 Watt VHF radio transmit?

60 nautical miles

For example, a 25-watt marine radio will roughly have a maximum range of 60 nautical miles (111 km) between antennas mounted on tall ships, but that same radio will only have a range of 5 nautical miles (9 km) between antennas mounted on small boats at sea level.

Can I use a VHF radio without a license?

Do I Need A Marine VHF Licence? Anyone who uses a Marine VHF Radio needs a licence. If you are a sailor, powerboater, kayaker, angler or even a paddleboarder, you will most certainly need a marine radio.

Can anyone use a VHF radio?

It is not a social networking facility for recreational boaters or sailors. Remember that when you are using a VHF channel, you are broadcasting to everyone within your antenna’s line of sight. Also, remember that no one else can use that channel while you have your mic keyed.

How do you hail in VHF?

Children should be taught proper radio use and should never be left unattended near a radio. To hail another vessel, simply call the name of the vessel two or three times, followed by your own vessel’s name and station ID if applicable. Wait for a response then immediately switch to a working channel.

What VHF channel should I use?

Any vessel in distress should use Channel 16 VHF-FM (which the Coast Guard does monitor). Channel 22 is the most common working channel for USCG in the event of an emergency. The following list of channels are those available in the United States for VHF Radio communications.

How do I know if my VHF radio is working?

Remove the connector on the antenna cable from the back of your radio. Insert the tip of a small screwdriver or paper clip into the center contact of the radio’s antenna jack while monitoring your local weather channel. If you can hear the weather broadcast, your radio most likely has good reception.

Why is VHF radio considered the best?

VHF marine radios are increasingly popular with boaters for good reasons. They save lives and are easy to use. They are more effective for marine communications than CB radios or cell phones. VHF radios have more consistent reception than cell phones.

What VHF channel should I use UK?

Primary Intership Working Channels: 06, 08, 09, 10, 13, 15, 17, 67, 69, 72, 73, 77 – these are worth knowing so that if another vessel calls you, you can swiftly nominate a working channel from within this group. In practice you should only use channels NOT shared with port operations. These are 06, 08, 72 and 77.

How do I call VHF Coast Guard?

If you want to call the coastguard on the calling channel use CH16, although they’ll probably send you to CH67. Listen first for other users before broadcasting. Don’t talk over other traffic or if a mayday is underway.

Can VHF talk to CB?

CB or its close relatives fall into the HF frequency range (covering somewhere around 26 to 28 MHz, depending on country), so anything that accurately calls itself a VHF radio will not transmit (and most likely will not receive) CB.

What travels farther VHF or UHF?

VHF radio signals are on the low end of the frequency scale when compared to UHF. Although, VHF signal wavelength is longer, allowing it to travel farther than UHF.

What is the maximum permitted power of a marine VHF radio?

The Maximum ERP for a handheld VHF radio is 5w and 25W for a fixed VHF radio.

How much is a VHF licence?


VHF radio licences are free, you just need to go to www.ofcom.org.uk and select Marine VHF. You will also need an operator’s licence for at least one person aboard, usually the skipper. This is administered by the RYA who can advise you where to take the relevant course and exam.

Will a VHF work without MMSI number?

The VHF works very nicely without a MMSI number in all other regards so the SIM card parallel is not really valid.

Can I use a VHF radio on land?

Marine VHF radios, whether fixed or handheld, may not be used on land, period. It’s the law. Once a VHF radio goes ashore, it cannot be used for marine band transmission (without a Coast Station License).

Can you listen to marine radio on land?

Marine Radios & Licenses. Marine radios can be obtained, but it is illegal to use them for personal use or on land. Only the Coast Guard or water vessel owners that meet specific criteria are granted a special license that allows them to own and use these radios.

Can I use VHF radio as a walkie talkie?

A good, basic VHF walkie-talkie would be the Motorola RMV2080 VHF radio. This is a good, basic, durable radio with 2-watts and 8 channels. It will give plenty of power for outdoor use under a mile or so (typically more based on conditions). And, the eight channels will support eight groups of people talking separately.

How long does a VHF license last?

How long does a VHF licence last? Forever.. ship radio licences last a lifetime, but must be revalidated every 10 years.

How do you call a boat on VHF?

How do I use it?

  1. Call the vessel, marina or restaurant on Channel 9 in the following manner.
  2. Name of station being called, spoken three times.
  3. The words "THIS IS", spoken once.
  4. Name of your vessel spoken once.
  5. The word "OVER".
  6. Then you wait for the station being called to answer.

What do you say in VHF?

Depress the side button of the radio, speak clearly and project your voice forward across the microphone area rather than directly into it, and then say the name of the boat or person/place that you’re calling up to three times and then say the name of your boat up to three times.

How do you call a marina on a VHF radio?

Here’s what you should do contact the boat "Queen Mary", whose call sign is "VA 7112".

  1. Listen to Channel 16. …
  2. You say: …
  3. Wait at least ten minutes to allow Queen Mary’s crew to check for an open channel. …
  4. You reply: …
  5. Now, you both switch to your working channel, making sure it’s still "clear".

What does I read you 5 by 5 mean?

Informal terminology and slang The phrase "five by five" can be used informally to mean "good signal strength" or "loud and clear". An early example of this phrase was in 1946, recounting a wartime conversation.

Why does my VHF radio won’t transmit?

This is an indication the VHF Radio is operational and receiving, but is not transmitting. This could be an indication of a faulty VHF antenna, coaxial cables, power setting or an obstacle blocking the line-of-sight.

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