What do leeward and windward mean?
An island’s windward side faces the prevailing, or trade, winds, whereas the island’s leeward side faces away from the wind, sheltered from prevailing winds by hills and mountains. As trade winds blow across the ocean, they pick up moist air from the water.
What is windward in science terms?
Windward is upwind from the point of reference, i.e. towards the direction from which the wind is coming; leeward is downwind from the point of reference, i.e. along the direction towards which the wind is going.
What do you mean by leeward?
adjective. Definition of leeward (Entry 2 of 2) : being in or facing the direction toward which the wind is blowing also : being the side opposite the windward.
What is the windward side of a mountain?
When air runs into a mountain, the side of the mountain that it hits first is called the windward side. This is where air is forced to rise, and this is the side of the mountain that often sees the heaviest precipitation.
Does windward or leeward get more rain?
Windward Slopes Give Air (and Precipitation) a Boost As the air is lifted up the mountain slope, it cools as it rises—a process known as "adiabatic cooling." This cooling often results in the formation of clouds, and, eventually, precipitation that falls on the windward slope and at the summit.
What is another word for windward?
In this page you can discover 4 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for windward, like: gybe, downwind, leeward and faeroe.
What is the opposite of leeward?
The direction in which the wind is currently blowing. Windward is the opposite of leeward (the opposite direction of the wind). Sailboats move with the wind, making the windward direction an important sailing term to know.
Is leeward east or west?
In general, the north and/or east sides of each Hawaiian Island tend to have the windward climate. In contrast, the south and/or west sides of the islands are leeward.
What side of the mountain is the leeward?
The leeward side is the side of the mountain that is downwind. There is less wind on this side because it is blocked by the mountain on the other side. The leeward side of a mountain is usually dry compared to the windward side.
What is the synonym of leeward?
In this page you can discover 24 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for leeward, like: weatherward, lee, skerry, sheltered, peaceful, leeside, quiet, still, secure, undisturbed and serene.
Why does rain occur at windward?
Answer and Explanation: Precipitation occurs at the windward side of a mountain because when the mountains receive air, the air has to rise over the barrier of the peak. While the air tries to rise, it becomes cool- resulting in volume deduction.
What is the dry side of the mountain called?
The dry side of a mountain is known as the ‘leeward’ side. The leeward side is specifically the side opposite the prevailing wind on the mountain.
Why does the windward side get more rain?
The windward sides of mountains receive more rainfall than the leeward sides because the sudden ascent of warm moist air on the windward sides causes cooling of air, leading to condensation and precipitation.
Why is there no rain on the leeward side?
On the leeward side, the cold, dry air starts to descend and to sink and compress, making the winds warm up. This warming causes the moisture to evaporate, making clouds disappear. This prevents rainfall formation and creates desert conditions in the Sahara.
What is the difference between windward side and leeward side?
Windward’ is the side of an island where the prevailing wind comes to the island from the sea. Leeward" is the side of an island where the predominant wind travels from the interior of the island to the sea. The side of the mountain facing the wind laden with moisture is called the windward side mountain.
What is the relative humidity when it rains?
Most of the time when it is raining the relative humidity is 90-99 percent, but not often is it 100 percent. Clouds form when invisible water vapor gas condenses into visible water droplets, and rain occurs when droplets grow too large to be supported in the air and they fall.
What best describes the leeward side?
The adjective leeward describes an area or side of a boat that’s facing away from the wind. If you move to the leeward side of your sailboat, you’re shifting to the sheltered, downwind side. You’re likely to hear the word leeward when you’re on a boat, since wind direction is hugely important when you’re sailing.
Which side of the mountain often receives the most precipitation?
The windward receives more precipitation than the leeward.
Why is it called the Lesser Antilles?
Smaller Islands, Bigger Adventures As a result, scholars today still refer to the Caribbean Sea as the Sea of Antilia, and the islands which make up the lower (or outer) part of this region became known as the Lesser Antilles.
What is the largest windward island?
Overview. The Windward Islands, in the West Indies, was made up of the British possessions of Grenada, St Vincent and St Lucia. Grenada, the smallest, is the southernmost island and St Lucia, the largest, is the northernmost island.
What are the four Windward Islands?
The Windward Islands are comprised of the four independent States of Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Lucia and Dominica.
What side is the green light on a boat?
The red light indicates a vessel’s port (left) side; the green indicates a vessel’s starboard (right) side.
What is the right side of a boat called?
When looking forward, toward the bow of a ship, port and starboard refer to the left and right sides, respectively.
Which Hawaiian island is the windiest?
Maui is the windiest island of Hawaii. That is why it is also one of the best wind surfing and kite surfing spots in the world. Maui’s dominant northeast tradewinds bring beautiful down the line waves sailing up and down Maui’s central north shore, from Ho’okipa downwind to Kanaha.
What is the south side of Oahu called?
Waikiki is located on the south shore of Oahu and is the island’s main hotel/resort area.
Why do snow fall in mountains?
Orographic uplift is the process by which air flowing toward a mountain cannot penetrate the topographic barrier so it is instead lifted up and over. As the air is forced to rise, this causes it to cool, condense, and produce clouds; if the air is moist enough, precipitation (in the form of rain or snow) can result.
What does it mean to be on the lee side of a mountain?
The leeward side of a mountain is the side protected from the prevailing wind. As the wind blows across a mountainrange, air rises and cools and clouds can form on the windward side.
What are the leeward Islands?
How does windward affect climate?
As winds rise up the windward side of a mountain range, the air cools and precipitation falls. On the other side of the range, the leeward side, the air is dry, and it sinks. So there is very little precipitation on the leeward side of a mountain range.
Why does it rain more on mountains?
This is because as the altitude increases, the air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat. The cooler the temperature the less evaporation there is, so there is more moisture in the air too. This is also why more precipitation is experienced at higher parts of the mountain.
What side of the mountain does rain fall?
As the air rises up over a mountain range, the air cools, water vapor condenses, and clouds form. On this side of the mountains, called the windward side, precipitation falls in the form of rain or snow. The windward side of a mountain range is moist and lush because of this precipitation.
What is the opposite side of a rain shadow called?
A rain shadow region is the leeward side which is opposite to the windward side.
Which side of the mountain usually gets deserts and why?
Deserts are common on the leeward side of the mountains because the air that arrives is already dry and there is no precipitation.
Which type of clouds bring rain?
("Nimbus" comes from the Latin word for "rain.") Two examples are the nimbostratus or cumulonimbus clouds. Nimbostratus clouds bring continuous precipitation that can last for many hours. These low-level clouds are full of moisture. Cumulonimbus clouds are also called thunderheads.
What are windward showers?
In general terms, the windward side is the wet, rainy, and therefore more lush, green, and tropical section.
What is the most important climate factor?
On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.
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